Best Arteriovenous Fistula Treatment Doctor in Gurgaon, Delhi, India
What is Arteriovenous Fistula?
Arteriovenous Fistula is a condition where a patient suffers from the abnormal connection of the veins and the arteries.
In an average body, the flow channel is from the arteries to the capillaries and then to the veins. But in arteriovenous fistula, blood at some places flows directly from the arteries to the veins, ignoring the capillaries. This gives rise to many problems because the capillaries in our body are responsible for providing nutrients and oxygen to the underlying tissues.
Hence, the blood deficiency in the capillaries results in a lack of blood in those tissues dependent on it. Arteriovenous fistula can occur in any part of the body, but it is most commonly found in the legs. This can also be created surgically by doctors for patients suffering from chronic kidney disease. But if not treated properly, then it may cause severe complications. Large Arteriovenous Fistulas causes heart problems or even heart failures, and small one causes brain damage.
Types of arteriovenous fistula –
There are several kinds of arteriovenous fistula:
Acquired Arteriovenous Fistulas – The patients acquire this kind due to some severe injury such as a gunshot.
Dural Arteriovenous Fistulas – This kind happens in the tough covering over the brain and spinal cord known as dura mater.
Cerebral Arteriovenous Fistulas – This kind happens in the diameter, a brain membrane.
Peripheral Arteriovenous Fistulas – This kind usually happens in the liver.
Symptoms of arteriovenous fistulas –
Its symptoms depend upon the place where the arteriovenous fistula is located. Some of the general symptoms of it are:
Reduction in blood pressure
Bulging of purple veins
Swelling of legs and arms
Cardiac problems or heart failures
Causes of arteriovenous fistulas –
The causes of arteriovenous fistulas are as follows:
1. Congenital – When a patient has it by birth
2. Genetic – When a person gets it genetically
3. Injury – Arteriovenous fistulas also happen due to several injuries like gunshot or stabbing
4. Surgery – This can also be created by a doctor from a surgery to a patient going through dialysis
Risk factors for Arteriovenous Fistulas –
Various factors can trigger arteriovenous fistulas such as high blood pressure, obesity or overweight, advanced age, some kinds of medications, etc.
Complications of Arteriovenous Fistulas –
Some complications of arteriovenous fistulas are:
Pain in peripheral organs – Patients with arteriovenous fistulas in legs may experience discomfort.
Heart failure – In arteriovenous fistulas, the blood travels faster than usual, and the heart has to perform extra work to keep the blood flowing. This extra working of the heart may lead to cardiac failure in the long run.
Clotting – This may also lead to blood clotting and becomes a lot more dangerous when it reaches the brain or lungs.
Bleeding – arteriovenous fistula in the digestive system causes bleeding.
Diagnosis of Arteriovenous Fistulas – The ways to diagnose arteriovenous fistulas are as follows:
Physical evaluation – The sound of blood flow in the place affect by arteriovenous fistula is abnormal, so a doctor may use a stethoscope to diagnose it.
Imaging techniques – The imaging techniques such as ultrasound, CT angiogram, etc., can be used to detect arteriovenous fistulas.
Treatment options for Arteriovenous Fistulas –
Several kinds can treat arteriovenous fistulas of surgery such as radiosurgery, etc. It can also be treated by endovascular embolization in which, with the help of an x-ray, the doctor reaches the site of the arteriovenous fistula and injection the material to stop the blood flow.
If a patient has an arteriovenous fistula in the legs, then the doctor uses ultrasound-guided compression to treat it.
Dr. Vikas Kathuria is a leading expert when it comes to offering thorough treatments for this problem, by examining the patient 360 degrees.
Consult Doctor Vikas Kathuria for the best Arteriovenous Fistula treatment/surgery in Gurgaon